Further analysis shows that in 2015, 38% of gay and bisexual men diagnosed with HIV had significantly depleted immune systems indicating that they were diagnosed late in the progression of their HIV.
These findings highlight the need for increased access to HIV testing, particularly to those most at risk of HIV.
Heterosexual diagnoses began to decline from 2007 due to immigration policy changes in late 2005 which introduced mandatory HIV testing for residency applicants and people applying for visas for longer than 12 months.
Among all heterosexual men and women diagnosed with HIV in New Zealand, Africans remain the only ethnicity overrepresented.
In operation since 1987, the NZPC is a nationwide community advocacy group focused on providing equal rights and safe working conditions for sex workers.
In 2015, one child was diagnosed with HIV infection through mother-to-child transmission who was born overseas.
These results are considered highly successful worldwide.
While gay and bisexual men account for only approximately 2.5% of New Zealand's population, they are consistently over-represented in HIV diagnoses. In 2015, most gay and bisexual men diagnosed with HIV were of European ethnicity.Similarly, the widespread adoption of condom use among New Zealand sex workers has resulted in a low rate of HIV transmission in the New Zealand sex industry.Widespread pregnancy screening and effective treatment for pregnant women means that the transmission of HIV from mothers to babies is at very low levels.Of the gay and bisexual men diagnosed and infected in New Zealand in 20, the average annual number with a high initial CD4 count (an indication of a recently acquired infection) was 39, higher than the annual average of 24 for the period 2010-2013.This indicates an increase in the number of men with a recently acquired infection being diagnosed.Of the 224 diagnoses in 2015, 153 were amongst gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men, two of which were infected either through sex with another man or injecting drug use. The number of gay and bisexual men infected in New Zealand rose sharply between 20, subsequently it was relatively stable for a number of years.