Possession of the latter is still noted by the naming of Taunton Hill in Assonet.
The Myles Standish Industrial Park in Taunton's north end is currently one of the largest in New England.The National Weather Service operates a regional weather forecast office that serves much of Massachusetts, all of Rhode Island, and most of northern Connecticut there.With the advent of the railroad, Taunton would also become an important transportation hub due to its central location.The city formed the Taunton Municipal Light Plant (TMLP) in 1897, when it decided to purchase the floundering Taunton Electric Lighting Company, making it a publicly owned electric utility.and owning it a great mercy of God to bring us to this place, and settling of us, on lands of our own bought with our money in peace, in the midst of the heathen, for a possession for ourselves and for our posterity after us." Plymouth Colony was formally divided into counties on June 2, 1685, with Taunton becoming the shire town of Bristol County.
The counties of Plymouth Colony were transferred to the Province of Massachusetts Bay on the arrival of its charter and governor on May 14, 1692.
In October 2005, the Whittenton Pond Dam north of the downtown area threatened to fail following a week that brought 9 inches (230 mm) of rain to the city.
Over 2,000 city residents were evacuated,all downtown businesses were ordered closed and Mayor Robert Nunes issued a state of emergency.
Taunton is a city in Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States, located approximately 40 miles (64 km) south of Boston, 18 miles (29 km) east of Providence, 10 miles (16 km) north of Fall River, 20 miles (32 km) north of New Bedford, and 25 miles (40 km) west of Plymouth. Taunton is situated on the Taunton River which winds its way through the city on its way to Mount Hope Bay, 10 miles (16 km) to the south.
At the 2010 census, the city had a population of 55,874. Founded in 1637 by members of the Plymouth Colony, Taunton is one of the oldest towns in the United States.
It was the first of many iron industries in Taunton. In the 19th century, Taunton was also the center of an important iron-making industry, utilizing much bog iron from the numerous swamps in the surrounding area.