This is a reversal from the historical perspective, moving from a term which describes a specific population in detail, to one which describes the general population vaguely.
One of the few historical theories on the causes of voyeurism comes from psychoanalytic theory.
In order to be diagnosed with voyeuristic disorder the symptoms must persist for over six months and the person in question must be over the age of 18.
Psychoanalytic theory proposes that voyeurism results from a failure to accept castration anxiety and as a result a failure to identify with the father.Voyeurism has high prevalence rates in most studied populations.This results in a displacement of sexual desire making the act of watching someone the primary means of sexual satisfaction.Voyeurism has also been linked with obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD).This is particularly surprising considering the increase in use of the term voyeur and the group of people it can encompass.
Historically the term voyeur was used specifically to describe people who fit within the DSM description.These statistics apply only to those who qualify as voyeurs under the definition of the DSM, and not the broader modern concept of voyeurism as discussed earlier in this article.Early research indicated that voyeurs were more mentally healthy than other groups with paraphilias.Compared to the other groups studied, it was found that voyeurs were unlikely to be alcoholics or drug users.More recent research shows that, compared to the general population, voyeurs were moderately more likely to have psychological problems, use alcohol and drugs, and have higher sexual interest generally. I reappeared in the doorway of the barbershop Alena. Come in, sit down – busily said Alain, if he sees me for the first time. I paused and slowly replied indifferently - Shear me please bare.