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He worked at Kaminaljuy├║ and CATEGORY: person DEFINITION: American anthropologist who made great contributions to American Indian ethnology; to the archaeology of New Mexico, Mexico, and Peru; and to the study of linguistics, folklore, kinship, and social structure.He was one of the small group of scholars whose work laid the basis of archaeology as a scientific discipline.He worked out a scheme for Peruvian archaeology which formed the basis of all studies of the subject for the next 20 years.

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Outside evidence, such as dating of two or more stages in the development, may be needed to determine which is the first and which the last member of the series.

There are several types of seriation: SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: chronology CATEGORY: technique DEFINITION: The process by which an archaeologist determines dates for objects, deposits, buildings, etc., in an attempt to situate a given phenomenon in time.

His work was summarized in Seventy Years in Archaeology" (1931).

At Tell el-Hesi in 1890 the importance of stratigraphy in the excavation was for the first time fully appreciated.

His Configurations of Culture Growth" (1945) sought to trace the growth and decline of all of civilized man's thought and art.

"The Nature of Culture" (1952) was a collection of Kroeber's essays published on such topics as cultural theory kinship social psychology and psychoanalysis."CATEGORY: person DEFINITION: An English Egyptologist and a leading figure in the development of archaeology; he developed the technique known as sequence-dating.

technique in which artifacts or features are organized into a sequence according to changes over time in their attributes or frequency of appearance.

The technique shows how these items have changed over time and it is a way to establish chronology.

He was self-taught and, in 1880, went to Egypt to draw up plans and take measurements of the Pyramids (Tanis, Naucratis, Daphnae, Hawara, Kahun, Meidum, El Amarna, Nagada, Abydos, Memphis, Sedment, Qau).

He is recognized as the first scientific excavator in Egypt and he wrote many books on general topics, tools and weapons, ancient weights and measures, and Egyptian architecture; in all, he published more than 1000 books and articles.

His other achievements in Egypt include a survey of the Giza pyramids excavation at El-Amarna and the discovery of the Greek city of Naukratis.